Technology

Blood test could identify COVID-19 patients at risk of ‘cytokine storm’ hyperinflammation

Southampton researchers have identified a blood profile that could help identify COVID-19 patients at greatest risk of deterioration and direct them towards trials of specific treatments that could modify their immune systems’ responses. A new study jointly led by Professor Tom Wilkinson and Dr Tristan Clark of the University of Southampton, has shown a blood […]

Technology

New virtual reality software allows scientists to ‘walk’ inside cells

Virtual reality software which allows researchers to ‘walk’ inside and analyse individual cells could be used to understand fundamental problems in biology and develop new treatments for disease. The software, called vLUME, was created by scientists at the University of Cambridge and 3D image analysis software company Lume VR Ltd. It allows super-resolution microscopy data to […]

Technology

Marmoset study finds single brain region linking depression and anxiety, heart disease, and people’s sensitivity to treatment

Over-activity in a single brain region called the subgenual anterior cingulate cortex (sgACC) underlies several key symptoms of mood and anxiety disorders, but an antidepressant only successfully treats some of the symptoms. A new study, published in the journal Nature Communications, suggests that sgACC is a crucial region in depression and anxiety, and targeted treatment based on […]

Technology

Drug-resistant hospital bacteria persist even after deep cleaning, genomic study reveals

Scientists have used genome sequencing to reveal the extent to which a drug-resistant gastrointestinal bacterium can spread within a hospital, highlighting the challenge hospitals face in controlling infections. Enterococcus faecium is a bacterium commonly found in the gastrointestinal tract, where it usually resides without causing the host problems. However, in immunocompromised patients, it can lead to […]

Technology

Melody-Conditioned Lyrics Generation with SeqGANs

The automatic lyrics generation from a given piece of music can provide musicians with inspirations. Current deep learning methods for this task only incorporate limited music information and cannot generate lyrics that fit given melodies. A recent paper tackles this problem by learning the relation between lyrics and melody. Then, lyrics are generated from the […]

Technology

Night vision obstacle detection and avoidance based on Bio-Inspired Vision Sensors

The rise of autonomous vehicles relies on collision avoidance systems. Usually, they employ vision sensors. Yet, detecting obstacles during the night is a challenging task with traditional cameras. A recent study on arXiv.org suggests using event-based cameras for this task. Besides other advantages, they can perform in all lighting conditions. Image courtesy of Pexels. A […]

Technology

Night vision obstacle detection and avoidance based on Bio-Inspired Vision Sensors

The rise of autonomous vehicles relies on collision avoidance systems. Usually, they employ vision sensors. Yet, detecting obstacles during the night is a challenging task with traditional cameras. A recent study on arXiv.org suggests using event-based cameras for this task. Besides other advantages, they can perform in all lighting conditions. Image courtesy of Pexels. A […]

Technology

ELOVL2 in the Aging of the Eye

The development of epigenetic clocks for the assessment of biological age is a popular area of study, but connecting characteristic age-related epigenetic changes at specific CpG sites on the genome to specific underlying mechanisms of aging is slow going at best. There are many such sites and only so many scientists and only so much […]